Order Primates

Family Cebidae

Species bus apella

Habits and main features

Broun capuchins have a body length of about 30 cm, tail is 35 cm. Common in South America (from Guiana to the east of Argentina inclusive). Live in trees in groups of several dozen individuals. A single group usually contains at least one adult male, but mixed groups with multiple males do also occur. In that case, one of the males is dominant. He accepts only a few monkeys in his direct surroundings, mainly younger animals and a few females. The dominant male and the group members that are close to him have the privilege to eat first in case of food scarcity, while subordinate monkeys have to wait until they are ready.

After a gestation period of 180 days, one young is born, or incidentally a twin. This young, which weighs only 200 to 250 grams, is carried on the back of its mother. The mother feeds her child for 9 months, but the young is sexually immature until its seventh year, which is quite late for a primate of its size.

Mostly feed on plants, water found in the leaf axils, seeking sources only in the dry season.

Capuchins are very mobile monkeys, they run and walk, sometimes jump. Their voices filled with different sounds. Capuchins have a well-deserved reputation as one of the most clever species of American primates. In nature, they often crash too hard fruits and nuts with various hard objects. In captivity they are good for training.

Brown capuchins in Kyiv zoo

For the first time capuchins in Kyiv zoo were mentioned in the article of V. Snizhnyy "A live laboratory of animal kingdom," published in the magazine "Socialist Kyiv" 1-2 in 1933, where the author described these monkeys.

After the World War II capuchins appeared in Kyiv zoo collection again. Over 15 years animals were living in our zoo, reproduced well and their offspring was transferred to zoos and other institutions of the USSR.

In 20 years capuchins again appeared in our zoo collection. Group of 7 individuals of all ages was received from French city Romano in frames of agreement of temporary maintenance and reproduction. Animals breed successfully. The relationships in group is very peaceful.

The diet includes a variety of fresh fruits, berries, melons (watermelon, cantaloupe), fresh or cooked vegetables (carrots, cabbage, different varieties etc.), nuts and seeds (such as sunflower seeds), bread, quail eggs, hard-boiled, insects, milk, cheese, yogurt, vitamin supplements.

In Kyiv zoo visitors can observe the natural behavior of monkeys. The summer enclosure for animals is 320 square meters, which is the largest and best equipped enclosure in Ukraine for this species of monkeys.