Yellow-banded Poison Dart Frog

Biological classification

Class: Amphibia

Order: Anura

Family: Dendrobatidae

Appearance

Length is 31-38 mm, some reach 50 mm in length, weight is about 3 g. Males are smaller than females. The coloration is black with wide asymmetric bright yellow, yellow-orange or orange spots. The ventral side is black.

Distribution and mode of life

Distributed in Venezuela, Brazil, south-eastern Colombia. Live in humid subequatorial and equatorial tropical forests with a large number of small stony streams at altitudes of up to 800 meters above sea level.

Diet

Feed on small invertebrates. Most of the diet consists of spiders, crickets, termites and ants.

Have the ability to accumulate toxins obtained from insect in skin glands

Breeding

Mating and egg laying occur during raining season. In this period, competition for territory can lead to aggressive behaviour of males. Female lays from 2 to 12 eggs on wet substrate surface (moss, leafy litter). Fertilization is external. After hatching, tadpoles climb on males back and he transfers them to the reservoirs usually these are water-filled hollows of trees, funnels of Bromeliaceae or other, small temporary reservoirs. Metamorphosis lasts from 70 to 90 days.

Sexual maturity is reached the age of 1 year old.

Life-span is up to 15 years.

Environmental protection status

The species is on the Red List of the International Union for Nature Conservation (LC - at the slightest threat), listed on the CITES (Annex II).

In Kyiv Zoo D. leucomelas is exhibited in the ecological module located in the Island of Animals" exposition.

Yellow-banded Poison Dart Frog