Golfodulcean Poison Frog

Biological classification

Class: Amphibia

Order: Anura

Family: Dendrobatidae

Appearance

Brightly colored small amphibians, 2.6-3.1 cm long. The main color of the back, head and limbs is black or dark green, in some individuals along the spine passes a discontinuous yellow strip. On both sides of the muzzle from the forehead to the very bottom of the thigh stretches a broad bright strip of reddish-orange, golden or orange color. A white stripe passes from eyes, along the lips and to the shoulder. The outer part of the legs is covered with a thick net of blue-green spots, and the ventral surface of the limbs is decorated with a marble pattern formed by white or very light blue-green spots.

Distribution and mode of life

Golfodulcean Poison Frogs live in the woods in the southwest of Costa Rica, in the Gulf Dulce Bay area.

This terrestrial and arboreal species. Adults of the species do not climb high on trees, keep closer to the ground.

Diet

Feed on different small invertebrates. Most of the diet consists of termites and ants.

Breeding

Reproductive activity falls on the season of high humidity. Female lays 7-21 eggs on leaves located above the ground and male transfers the tadpoles on its back to the source of water. In about 45 days, tadpoles turn into froglets up to 13 mm in length.

Environmental protection status

The species is on the Red List of the International Union for Nature Conservation  (EN - endangered), listed on the CITES (Annex II).

In Kyiv Zoo Ph. vittatus is exhibited in the ecological module located in the ôIsland of Animals" exposition.
Golfodulcean Poison Frog