Dyeing Poison Frog

Biological classification

Class: Amphibia

╬rder: Anura

Family: Dendrobatidae

Appearance

Small-sized amphibian, from 30 to 45 mm in length, females are slightly larger than males.

Dyeing Poison Frogs of this species have a very varied coloring - there are about 30 colored morphs. The most widespread is the dark blue color with an asymmetric pattern of dark blue, black or yellow spots.

Mucus that covers skin of D. tinctorius contains toxins.

Distribution and mode of life

Distributed in small isolated areas in French Guinea and northeastern Brazil. They live in small forest areas, staying close to small reservoirs. Most of the time spend on the soil.

Life-span is from 6 to 12 years.

Diet

Insectivorous. Feed on mites, spiders, ant and termites.

Breeding

Breeding period of Dyeing Poison Frogs falls on the rainy season (February-March). Males attract females with a quiet "singing". Females of this species compete for males. After mating, female lays 5-10 eggs in the moist substrate and after 14-18 days tadpoles hatch. During the whole period, a male, and sometimes a female cares for the laying and moisturizes it. Male transfers hatched tadpoles on its back to a small water reservoir, such as Bromeliaceae, the axial leaf of the plant or small hole in the tree trunk. Tadpoles Dyeing Poison Frogs have the ability to cannibalism, so often parents place them in separate "basins." Sometimes female attends tadpoles to put aside unfertilized eggs offspring feed on. The complete transformation of tadpoles into the formed Dyeing Poison Frogs lasts from 12 to 14 weeks.

Dyeing Poison Frogs become mature at the age of 2-3 years old.

Environmental protection status

The species is on the Red List of the International Union for Nature Conservation (LC - at the slightest threat), listed on the CITES (Annex II).

In Kyiv Zoo D. tinctorius is exhibited in the ecological module located in the ôIsland of Animals" exposition.

Dyeing Poison Frog