AMUR TIGER ALTAICA

Biological classification

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Felidae

                                                                      Main features

Amur tiger subspecies is one of the largest predators of the family. Tigers have a flexible body with a rather long tail (the tail makes 1/3 of body length). Tigers have muscular bodies with powerful forelimbs, large heads and long tails. colourationvaries between shades of orange and brown with white ventral areas and distinctive vertical black stripes, whose patterns are unique to each individual. Tigers are growing during the whole life and reach their maximum size in old age. Weight of adult animals is 120-300 kg. Life span is 10 15 years in nature and 20 25 years in captivity.


Area

Tigers inhabits mainly in the Sikhote Alinmountain region with a small population in southwest Primorye Province in the Russian Far East. The Siberian tiger once ranged throughout all of Korea, north-eastern China, Russian Far East, and eastern Mongolia. In 2005, there were 331393 adult and subadult Amur tigers in this region, with a breeding adult population of about 250 individuals. The population had been stable for more than a decade due to intensive conservation efforts, but partial surveys conducted after 2005 indicate that the Russian tiger population was declining. By 2015, the Siberian tiger population had increased to 480540 individuals in the Russian Far East, including 100 cubs.Prefers forests of slopes, steep and high cliffs, stone niches and caves. In the mountain rises to 1500-2000 meters above sea level

Mode of life

Outside the breeding season is a single animal. Each animal has its own individual plot, whose size depends on the number of prey species. Tiger protects his hunting territory actively and mark borders. Siberian tigers mate at any time of the year. A female signals her receptiveness by leaving urine deposits and scratch marks on trees. She will spend 5 or 6 days with the male, during which she is receptive for three days. Gestation lasts from 3 to 3½ months. Litter size is normally two or four cubs but there can be as many as six. The cubs are born blind in a sheltered den and are left alone when the female leaves to hunt for food. Cubs are divided equally between sexes at birth. However, by adulthood there are usually two to four females for every male. The female cubs remain with their mothers longer, and later they establish territories close to their original ranges. Males, on the other hand, travel unaccompanied and range farther earlier in their lives, making them more vulnerable to poachers and other tigers.

Diet

Prey species of Siberian tigers include Manchurian wapiti, Siberian musk deer, long-tailed goral, moose, Siberian roe deer, Manchurian sika deer, wild boar, even sometimes small size Asian black bear and Ussuri brown bear. Also smaller species feed on hares, rabbits, pikasand salmon.

Tigers in Kyiv zoo

Kiev zoo today is a home to four Siberian Tiger Tisha and Amba and their children Malish and Rena, who were born in the Kiev Zoo. Their enclosures are located in the "Island of animals." Each animal has its own enclosure. They live in these enclosures during the whole year. In the afternoon tigers usually sleep on stone hills or walk through enclosure. Daily tigers consume around 8 11kg of food. Mainly it is meat but also they receive fish, eggs and a small amount of fresh grass crops.

AMUR TIGER ALTAICA