AMAZONIAN NASUA OR COMMON NASUA - NASUA NASUA

Biological classification

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Procyonidae

Appearance

Nasua or "coati" (Indian language) got its name from the elongated, very sensitive and movable snout nose. 20-29sm height at the withers. Weight in this species is 4,5 kg and total length is 80130 cm, half of that being its tail. Males are almost twice larger than females. Its color is highly variable and the rings on the tail may be quite weak. Basically top of the body and paws are painted dark brown, belly is pale yellow and tail is brown with light rings.

                                          Habitat and areal

Nasua inhabits evergreen tropical dry forests. Areal covers most territory of South America.

Habits

Coatis are diurnal animals, and they live both on the ground and in trees. The tail is a good equalizer when climbing trees. This ability helps them at night to protect themselves and their offspring from most predators by hiding in the treetops. Lifespan in the nature is usually 7 8 years and 17 years in captivity.

Diet

Nasua feed on bugs, spiders, scorpions, ants, termites, millipedes and even land crabs. Will also be happy eat ripe fruit. Coatis search for fruit in trees high in the canopy, and use their snouts to poke through crevices to find animal prey on the ground. They also search for animal prey by turning over rocks on the ground or ripping open logs with their claws.

Breeding

Usually live in groups of 5 6 individuals and even up to 40 individuals, and typically most of the "family" is formed by females. Males, on the other hand, are usually solitary and join the group only during the breeding season. Neither bands of females nor solitary males defend a unique territory, and territories therefore overlap.

Females mate with multiple males. Gestation period is 77 days. Females give birth to 24 young at a time, which are raised in a nest in the trees for 46 weeks. Newborn cubs are helpless: they have no hair, they are blind and their weigh is only 75-80 grams. Eyes flatten approximately in 10 days. At the age of 24 days cubs can already walk.

In 26 days, the cubs are able to climb, they start eating solid foods at the age of 4 months. When the cubs are five-six weeks old, the female returnes to her family group.

Nasua can produce a variety of sounds: snoring, grunting, screaming, whining and chirping to communicate.

Nasua in Kyiv zoo

Kyiv Zoo is home for coati group. In summer they live in an enclosure located in the garden and in the winter a group lives in the "Island of animals." The diet of the animals in the zoo consists of meat, fish, eggs, fruits and vegetables.

AMAZONIAN NASUA OR COMMON NASUA - NASUA NASUA